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Postage Stamp to Commemorate the Founder of Experimental Diabetology

Oct 31, 2013

This Saturday, on October 20, Lithuania Post will release a new stamp dedicated to the founder of experimental diabetology Oskar Minkowski. The experiments conducted by this world famous physician gave basis for discovery and synthesis of insulin.

Oskar Minkowski (born 13 January 1858 in Kaunas – died 18 June 1931 in Fürstenberg) is a world famous physician and clinical scientist.

In 1867, he was enrolled into a primary school in Kaunas. The school has remained in this building until today. The street where Oskar Minkowski had used to live was named after two brothers Oskar and Hermann Minkowski (Hermann Minkowski was a famous mathematician and the teacher of Albert Einstein).

In 1872, his family moved to Königsberg, later he undertook studies in Strasbourg and Freiburg.  In the year 1888, he settled in Strasbourg and started experiments with dogs. A year later, in the course of the experiments conducted together with Freiherr von Mehring, it was discovered that if the pancreas was removed from a dog, the animal got diabetes. These works performed by Oskar Minkowski enabled to establish the links between the pancreas and diabetes.This gave basis for the discovery and synthesis of insulin.

Since 1922, patients suffering from diabetes have been given insulin therapy that has saved millions of lives. In 2012, the insulin therapy will celebrate its 90th anniversary.

The stamp under the title Oskaras Minkovskis – eksperimentinės diabetologijos pradininkas (Oskar Minkowski – the Founder of Experimental Diabetology) will be released in the edition of 100 000 copies. The nominal value is LTL 1,35. The stamp has been designed by the artist Vaclovas Butrimas.

Along with the stamp, the first day cover and sheet will be released. This Saturday in Kaunas Main Post Office all postal correspondence items paid the new stamp will be marked by the first day cancellation.

On average, Lithuania Post releases 25-30 stamps per year. Lithuania Post also provides courier, logistic and financial intermediation services.